Online gambling has long been a headache for governments.
But with governments increasingly turning their attention to virtual currency, it is now more than just a nuisance; it’s becoming a crime.
And with that, the internet is entering the realm of serious crime.
“I think it’s a really, really bad thing that’s happened,” says Andrew Dufresne, a professor of computer science at the University of Melbourne and author of a new book, Cybercrime: The Threat to Democracy.
“What I’m finding in Australia is that criminals are using the internet as a weapon.”
Dufresse’s book explores how online gambling is being used to perpetrate crime.
He argues that gambling platforms such as e-sports sites and online casinos are using sophisticated malware to access online gaming data.
He also points out that online gambling has been increasingly criminalised in Australia, with state and territory governments making it illegal to use the sites to gamble.
The first instance of online gambling crime to make headlines came in 2010, when a man was convicted of the rape and murder of his girlfriend.
After the case, the federal government made it illegal for Australians to gamble online, but the issue hasn’t gone away.
In the US, a bill passed in May requires all online gambling sites to install a security feature that will make them impossible to use for money laundering or terrorism-related activities.
This month, a federal judge in Arizona struck down the state’s law.
But Australia is far from the only country to see online gambling become a major crime problem.
Australia’s Attorney-General, George Brandis, has argued that there are “some compelling interests” for the government to clamp down on online gambling, but he says he doesn’t want to take the opportunity to “take on a new industry”.
Duhresne argues that the law is being misused.
“In a sense, I think it is being misinterpreted,” he says.
“There’s a misconception that if you go online to gamble, that you’re committing a crime, but there’s really no crime involved.”
Dufre’s book also focuses on how the technology of online gaming is being exploited by criminals, with some sites offering “game bots” to lure users into “free” gambling.
These “game bot” accounts can be used to manipulate users and manipulate gambling outcomes.
Dufreesen says these bots can be programmed to automatically buy and sell real-world money and even offer to “give” users cash to spend.
Dukkha is a new form of gambling Dugas is a lawyer and an associate professor of law at the Queensland University of Technology.
He’s also a lecturer in gambling law at Queensland University, and he is the founder of the law firm, Law Offices of Dukkhas.
He says gambling is a lucrative industry, and that there is little to stop criminals from exploiting online gambling.
But the fact that the government has made the law on gambling so broad that it’s no longer a criminal offence is “a serious problem”, he says, and a result of the failure of the gambling industry to take adequate security measures.
This is a very, very, serious problem, he says about the use of technology to create a new type of gambling activity.
“This is an entirely different issue to the issue of drug use.
The use of gambling for illicit purposes is very different to the use for illicit use of a gambling device.”
“We’ve seen a lot of bad press in Australia about online gambling,” he continues.
“The government is trying to get a bit of a publicity bump by saying, ‘Oh, we’re going to crack down on this.’
But it’s really just the old, old problem of criminalising people’s online gambling activities.”
The problem of online betting isn’t limited to gambling sites.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, there were almost 20,000 people in Australia with gambling debts, and of these, almost a third had been involved in online gambling in the past 12 months.
Dukkanas argument that the problem isn’t gambling is an argument that Dukkas believes will resonate with a growing number of Australians.
For example, Dukkais is concerned about the growing popularity of the “buy-to-play” option, which involves a person buying a game on a website such as Amazon and playing the game for cash.
This is often described as “gambling on a game”, but Dukkinas believes the term is misleading.
“We call it the ‘buy-for-cash’ option,” he explains.
“That’s a new kind of gambling where the players are paid cash, or a percentage of the money that they spend.”
Dukkins argument that online gaming should be regulated is also gaining traction.
In April, a number of prominent legal experts including David Marr from the University and Michael McDonald from the Institute of